Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit that can be programmed by a user for a specific use after it has been manufactured. This makes it very different from Central Processing Units (CPUs), whose configuration is set and sealed by a manufacturer. FPGAs contain a matrix of configurable logic blocks (CLBs) connected via programmable interconnects. These blocks create a physical array of logic gates that can be customized to perform specific computing tasks. This makes them more efficient than standard CPUs, which are not customizable. FPGAs are used in many markets: data centers, medical devices, image and video processing, high-performance computing and data storage, to name a few.
Some common networking terms clearly explained